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Historical site

The Mont Royal Fortress

Historical site · Mosel-Saar
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Mosellandtouristik GmbH Verified partner  Explorers Choice 
  • Mont Royal
    / Mont Royal
    Photo: Comcept
  • / Rundweg Mont Royal
    Photo: Comcept

Ehemalige Festungsanlage Ludwig XIV, erbaut 1687 - 1698
In Support of her range of fortifications and the domination of the Rhineland, France built the Mont Royal fortress in 1687. Under the supervision of the famous Vauban it was, at times, built by, up to 8000 enforced labourers. Millions of French public funds and German compulsory reparations were spent. With a diameter of 5 kilometres it covered the whole of the plateau with the main fortress extending over a length of 1,6 kilometres and width of 750 metres, bordered by the left bank of the Moselle all around the peninsula. The main keep with an area of 123 acres and a height of 200 meters, formed the very heart of the whole fortress and was surrounded by a main wall of 2,92 kilometers in length and 30 metres in height with 5 bastions and 3 fortified towers. In addition 3 ramparts, 5 outer walls, moats with inner walls (the so-called curtain-walls), outer works, galeries and various other stoneworks protected this fortified town. South of it there was the "GRoße Königliche Hauptquartier" (Grand Royal Headquarters), a fortified camp and operations centre for the Rhenish troops; with a citizenry of its own, stables for 3000 horses and barracks for 12000 men. Under its governor, the Earl of Montal, this gigantic works had a combat complement of 14 regiments with 8450 men, 155 heavy ordnances and enormous supplies, e. g. 504000 gallons of wine. The whole installation was twice as powerful as its supporting fortresses of Saarlouis, Luxembourg and Rhinefels together. In the long run, however, France was not able to maintain such an unrealistic expensive fortress, 100 kilometres inland of the militarized Rhineland, against a starled Europe. The Netherlands and England alike tried to negotiate for Mont Royal undemolished. France, however, was relucant to let her adversaries have her model fortification and prefered to have it dismantled after the Peace of Rijswick in 1698. In the Thirties of this century, the local historian Ernst Willen Spies Ph.D., supervised and conducted excavations of Mont Royal by means of original plans from archives in Paris. A local history association was formed in 1930 which enthusiastically aimed al excavating the fortifications and opening up this unique attraction for tourism. The main excavations were performed during the years 1929 - 1937. Without exception they were merely intended for tourism. During the war years from 1939 - 1945, time once moer spread the veil of oblivion over the ruins causing the further decay. More important tasks were to be done in the post-war period. It was not until the Sixties that flourishing tourism brought this unique site in the West of Germany back into promenance and recently steps have been taken to make Mont Royal accessible to tourism again. Conducted Tour possible (Time schedule at Landal Mont Royal Tel.: 0049 6541-700710)

Arrival by train, car, foot or bike

Routes through this place

Type
Name
Distance
Duration
Ascent
Descent
10 km
3:05 h
234 m
242 m
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  • 1 Routes nearby
Other hiking tour/main hiking trail · Mosel-Saar

Rundweg um die Festungsanlage Mont Royal Wanderweg 10

August 20, 2018
easy
10 km
3:05 h
234 m
242 m
by Pia Leister-Dauns,   Moselregion Traben-Trarbach Kröv
  • 1 Routes nearby